The second cloud of uncertainty is related to the new labor rules that House Democrats strongly wanted to incorporate last December. As my colleague and I pointed out at the time, we felt that the USMCA was moving too fast and that these new provisions, which in turn are a new feature of an American trade agreement, required at least an open discussion and debate. But instead of assessing the benefits of including these conditions, a congressional vote was also rushed to cement the USMCA as a successor to NAFTA. The most worrying aspect of the new labour rules is the possible resolution of disputes they can trigger, with the inclusion of a rapid reaction mechanism (RRM) for the execution of work, put in place to ensure the suppression of a refusal of collective agreements. There are two separate MRRs, one between Canada and Mexico and the other between the United States and Mexico, and is specifically designed for a particular denial of the right to free association and collective bargaining by a private organization in a given workplace. As law professor Kathleen Claussen explains, “RRM is not so much a claim process, but a quick way to manage a government`s “belief” that there is a certain denial of rights.” It is a totally irrefading mechanism, so we still have to see what its impact will be. However, if the recent statements of U.S. trade agent Robert Lighthizer is a guide, it is likely that a flood of claims will test the magnitude and limitations of this new implementation tool. 1. Subsection (2) applies when a law of the Scottish Parliament is not provided for. (2) The legislation will come into force at the beginning of the day after the bill obtains royal approval. President Trump has made the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) the worst trade deal ever negotiated – and pledged to replace it.
Today, it has been replaced by the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) and, unknown, this agreement should hold this unsentied title. While the USMCA is making modest improvements (mainly through inclusion in the Trans-Pacific Partnership, from which Trump has withdrawn), it also contains some protectionist elements and a disguised industrial policy. While the government hastened to implement the agreement to mark political points on the way to the election campaign, it is up to companies to clarify the new rules and documents that they must follow from today. The USMCA was seen as a way to reduce uncertainty among the three trading partners in the face of Trump`s regular threats to withdraw from NAFTA. But at the end of the day, there is still a lot of uncertainty. The three-nation pact, reached after more than two years of negotiations, aimed to change Mexico`s labour rules to ensure workers have the freedom to form unions and negotiate for better wages. But these changes continue to be made through the Mexican legal system, which is threatened by powerful companies and politicians.